Nomex®--Proven Performance as Dry Type Transformer Insulation
For more than 45 years, DuPont™ Nomex® has been the material of choice for dry type transformer insulation. That’s because Nomex® brand insulation helps provide proven performance and enhanced safety.
From lighting ballasts and uninterrupted power supplies (UPS) to medium-voltage substations (>1.2 kV), a critical key to success is the use of Nomex® papers and Nomex® based laminates as dry type transformer insulation.
Outstanding thermal stability, mechanical toughness, inherent dielectric strength, flame resistance and chemical compatibility make Nomex® papers and Nomex® based laminates is ideal as dry type transformer insulation.
Ventilated dry type transformers (VDT) and cast resin transformers continue to grow in popularity around the world. The use of Nomex® insulation is contributing to this trend by helping enable major design improvements in these types of transformers.
Dry type transformers insulated with Nomex® offer enhanced safety because there are no fluids to spill, explode or burn, and Nomex® 400 Series papers do not support combustion in air. And, in the case of a building fire, this series of Nomex® insulation does not produce amounts of toxic smoke or dangerous particles.
Low Transmission Losses
Because dry type transformers insulated with Nomex® can be located close to their loads—inside factories, schools, hospitals and apartments— it helps to shorten low-voltage lines with a consequent reduction of the related losses.
Reduced Cost, Size and Weight
Dry type transformers insulated with Nomex® can be designed with a temperature rise up to 150K, requiring less conductor and core steel, which can result in a lower initial cost. The reduced size and weight contribute to ease of installation and the smaller cores result in lower no-load losses.
Increased Overload Capabilities
When dry type transformers operate continuously at or near their rated loads, efficiency is critical. Nomex® insulation meets the challenge. For example, an 80K temperature rise VDT transformer insulated with Nomex® can operate continuously at 133% of the rated load.
Improved Capability for Harmonic Loading
Dry type transformers supplying loads with heavy harmonic content frequently experience high hot spot temperatures. This is no problem for dry type transformers insulated with Nomex® because they have a large reserve temperature capability to accommodate these hot spots.
Resistance to Humidity
Because the properties of densified Nomex® papers, such as Nomex® 410, are insensitive to moisture, dry type transformers insulated with Nomex® perform in humid environments, such as those found in marine applications.
Typical Uses in Dry Type Transformers
Nomex® papers, particularly those in the Nomex® 400 Series, and Nomex® based laminates are used in dry type transformers as:
· Turn and Conductor insulation
· Layer and barrier insulation
· Core insulation
· Lead and tap insulation
· End filler
· Channel and Washer
· Radial and axial spacers
Typical Dry Type Transformer Applications
Nomex® papers, particularly those in the Nomex® 400 Series, and Nomex® based laminates are used in a wide variety of dry type transformer applications, including:
· Large power, medium voltage and high voltage (>1.2 kV)
· Medium voltage, general purpose (>1.2 kV)
· Medium voltage, substation (>1.2 kV)
· Low voltage, general purpose/specialty (<1.2 kV)
· UPS/data center/converter
· Lighting ballast
DUPONT PRODUCTS & SERVICES
Nomex® 410, an original benchmark product, is widely used for a majority of electrical equipment applications and is considered our gold standard based on its more than 50 years of proven performance. It anchors the Nomex® 400 Series.
DuPont works with highly qualified laminators who produce high-quality laminate insulation products based on Nomex® paper to address a broad range of performance requirements. Nomex® is the critical component that helps enable these laminates to perform.
From automatic and manual wrapping of transformer and motor leads to continuous transposed cable wrap, insulating crepe paper made with Nomex® is an ideal choice for applications requiring a high degree of conformability and elasticity.
INFORMATION & IDEAS
Seeing the excellent electrical, mechanical and thermal properties of Nomex® 410 makes it easy to understand why this insulation paper is widely used in a majority of electrical equipment applications.
ABB selected Nomex® paper to help improve the reliability and thermal performance of its substation power transformers.