Firefighter Gear — The First Line of Defense
Nomex® and Kevlar® fibers can be found in most firefighter gear. Together, these innovative fibers help provide proven protection, durability, and comfort from the inside out.
Firefighters have a heavy load to bear — their turnout gear shouldn’t add to it. So DuPont fibers help manufacturers create fire resistant liners, outer shells, and accessories that not only stand up to the thermal hazards they may face, but also help them get the job done without getting in the way of mobility.
We do this with science-based innovations such as Nomex® and Kevlar® brand fibers, and constantly research unique ways they can be used to help improve protection. Unlike other materials and fibers available, gear and accessories made with Nomex® fiber are inherently flame-resistant and won’t melt, drip, or support combustion in the air. And the thermal protection offered by Nomex® is permanent — its superior flame resistance cannot be washed out or worn away. Kevlar® helps manufacturers enhance the overall durability and strength of lightweight turnout gear outer-shell-and-thermal-liner systems. It is five times stronger than steel on an equal weight basis, yet is lightweight, comfortable, and thermally protective.
Both of these innovative fibers are found in each layer of most turnout gear for ultimate protection:
The Outer Shell
DuPont™ Nomex® and Kevlar® fibers are engineered together and sometimes with other high-temperature fibers to form materials that help stand up to heat, stay strong, and protect the inner components. Kevlar® filament is engineered into premium fabrics to help reduce fabric profile while strengthening fabrics to new levels of performance. Durable DuPont™ Teflon® HT water repellent treatments help keep the gear lighter and prevent water from compromising valuable air layers that provide the bulk of the garments' thermal insulation.
The Moisture Barrier
Fabrics made of Nomex® fiber and DuPont™ Nomex® E89™ non-wovens help the most trusted and reliable moisture barrier manufacturers provide strong flame-resistant substrates for their liquid-impermeable films. The moisture barrier helps protect against the intrusion of water, chemicals, and viral agents. These barriers are also breathable, which allows metabolic heat to escape and helps reduce the overall heat stress during strenuous activities.
The Thermal Liners
Nomex® and Kevlar® fiber batts and Nomex® E89™ non-wovens are combined with face cloths made with Nomex® and Kevlar® fiber to help provide durable, flexible, heat-insulating components. Thermal liners made with multi-layer Nomex® E89™ non-wovens are among the thinnest, most flexible, most breathable components on the market. Face cloths using Kevlar® filament yarns help reduce surface friction, improving overall garment mobility. Water-wicking or -repellent finishes on individual layers improve moisture management and reduce garment-drying time.
Teflon® is a registered trademark of DuPont
Many questions come up during the search for new turnout gear. Here are answers to some of the most commonly asked questions.
NFPA 2112, the standard on flame-resistant garments for protection of industrial personnel against flash fire, provides minimum requirements for the design, construction, evaluation, and certification of flame-resistant garments for use by industrial personnel.
DUPONT PRODUCTS & SERVICES
DuPont™ Nomex® fibers are heat- and flame-resistant, and are used in protective fabrics, garments, insulation, and other high-performance applications to help provide protection to millions of people and processes worldwide.
INFORMATION & IDEAS
NFPA 2113 specifies the minimum selection, care, use, and maintenance requirements for flame-resistant garments for use by industrial personnel in areas at risk from flash fires or short-duration flame exposure that are compliant with NFPA 2112.
NESC® C2 sets best practices and rules to protect utility workers in the construction, maintenance, and operation of electric supply and communication lines and equipment.
“Suited for Space,” a DuPont-sponsored Smithsonian exhibition on an extended tour, highlights the history of spacesuits and the importance of many leading DuPont protective materials to space innovation.
DuPont government collaboration connects local and federal institutions with DuPont engineers and scientists, helping to create hundreds of protection, energy, and food solutions. Read about our deep history and how we continue to work alongside the U.S. government to help make the world a safer place.