A classic reborn: DuPont solutions for new electric London black taxis

Case Study

London EV Company designers created a lightweight, extruded-aluminum body structure for the TX5.



When London’s classic black taxis were transformed into range-extended electric vehicles, DuPont’s structural and glass bonding expertise played a critical role. Designers at the London EV Company (LEVC) envisioned the TX5 model with a lightweight, extruded-aluminum body structure. To implement the innovative design of the six-passenger taxi and meet safety standards, they needed comprehensive bonding and adhesive solutions.



All applications were required to meet international vehicle safety standards as well as OEM durability specifications. Glass bonding applications needed to be compatible with the vehicle production process, including cold- and warm-applied systems.

Sound and temperature were managed to ensure passenger comfort.

Starting in 2018, all new licensed taxis in London had to be “zero emissions capable.”



The results of the collaboration between DuPont and LEVC are impressive by any standard: a fully-bonded body structure that is 30% lighter than an equivalent steel construction. This accomplishment entirely depended on the strength of the adhesive; there are no mechanical fasteners.

A combination of BETAMATE™ products were used to:

  • Help reduce substrate thickness
  • Reduce weight
  • Eliminate the need for mechanical fasteners

BETAFORCE™ composite bonding adhesives, BETASEAL™ glass bonding systems, BETAPRIME™ primers, BETAWIPE™ cleaners and BETAFILL™ sealers also were used to:

  • Integrate all parts of the TX5 lightweight bonded extruded aluminum monocoque body-in-white. Through bonding, the chassis, brackets, posts, roof, and fixed glass became a structural unit.
  • Bond the car body as well as SMC body panels and door skins
  • Fill gaps and finish seams while helping prevent moisture intrusion that can lead to corrosion and providing acoustical and thermal management benefits.


The TX5 can travel up to 80 miles on a single battery charge and has a 1.5-liter gas engine to support long journeys.


What’s next?

DuPont’s high-performance solutions contributed to achieving a fully bonded body structure that is stronger and significantly lighter than an equivalent steel construction.

In addition to increased safety for the occupants, the weight savings also contribute to greater efficiency when in electric mode.

When the TX5 hit the streets of London, passengers enjoyed riding in comfort with seating for six, forward-facing wheelchair access, power sockets for laptops, USB ports, on-board Wi-Fi, a panoramic roof, and active and passive safety systems standard.

DuPont is already working with LEVC on the next generation of electric London black taxis. In addition, vehicles have also been deployed in Oslo, Hamburg, and Berlin. LEVC has announced that the TX5 all-electric black taxi began transporting passengers in Paris in 2019.


Why choose BETAMATE™?

BETAMATE™ structural adhesives deliver cutting-edge solutions in similar and dissimilar material bonding, closure bonding, and body structure bonding, enabling improved load carrying capabilities, vehicle stiffness and durability, design flexibility, and weight reduction.

BETAMATE™ structural adhesives offer high-performance adhesion to automotive substrates such as steel, aluminum, magnesium, and composites, innovatively replacing welds and mechanical fasteners, reducing fatigue and failure commonly encountered with traditional processes – substantially increasing manufacturing efficiencies.


BETAMATE™ benefits

  • Contributes to lightweight design, flexibility and safety
  • Joins multi-material and hard-to-weld substrates, including high-strength steel, aluminum, and magnesium
  • Improves durability by reducing fatigue and failure commonly found around spot welds and fasteners
  • Seals against environmental conditions that cause corrosion
  • Provides potential to lower cost by reducing welds and gauge without losing mechanical properties
  • Lab and full-vehicle testing of new crash-resistant structural adhesives show improved crash-resistant performance without any weight increase

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