2021 Life Cycle Assessment

Flexographic Printing and Platemaking Update

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Comparing Flexo to Gravure

The first step in the Life Cycle Assessment was to compare the carbon footprint of flexo to gravure based on comparable substrate and printed area.

Flexographic printing leads to 46% lower NRE consumption and 51% lower GWP than gravure printing

Comparing Cyrel® solvent to Cyrel® FAST

The second step in the Life Cycle Assessment was to compare the carbon footprint of solvent to Cyrel® FAST processing based on an equivalent volume of processed plates.

Platemaking with Cyrel® FAST leads to 56% lower non-renewable energy consumption and 38% lower global warming potential


The original DuPont life cycle assessment (LCA)(1) has been updated using the Ecoinvent 3(2) database for relevant inputs and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 5th Assessment(3) values for the global warming potential impact method. The impacts studied remained the same as the original study (global warming potential (GWP) and non-renewable energy (NRE) consumption).

The environmental impacts considered in this study are primary non-renewable energy consumption (fossil and nuclear) and global warming potential.

An update from the original study is the use of the latest GWP impact assessment methodology. A period of 100 years is customary and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) (100 yr) methodology is applied in this study using the values from the 5th Assessment.


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